Summary yearly report Energy for Transport 2019

Companies that supply fuels for the Dutch transport market have an obligation to deliver an annually increasing share of renewable energy, rising to 16.4% in 2020. These companies also need to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions of their delivered fuels with 6% in 2020. The NEa publishes an annual report on the progress of these two obligations on a national level.

Used feedstocks for the production of biofuels in 2019

An increasing portion of the biofuels on the Dutch transport market is produced from waste streams; in 2019 the share of these feedstocks rose to 83%, with used cooking oil accounting for a share of 63%. It is attractive to use waste based biofuels because their energy content may be counted twice to achieving the targets. The other 17% of biofuels are produced from agricultural crops, mainly corn and wheat. * This graph does not take into account the effect of double counting feedstocks.

Use of conventional, advanced and other biofuels 2015-2019

As of 2018 additional goals have been set for the delivery of advanced biofuels. Advanced biofuels are made from specific waste and residue streams (other than used cooking oil and animal fat) which are listed in annex IX of the Renewable energy directive. Following the introduction of this additional goal, the use of advanced biofuels has increased significantly from 0.1% in 2017 to 0.8% in 2018 and 1.9% in 2019. This means that the target of 0.8% for 2019 was met. Individual companies carry over their surplus, which can be used to fulfil their obligation of 2020. In 2019 feedstocks for the claimed advanced biofuel consist mainly of waste from the palmoil sector, talloil and waste starch slurry. These feedstocks are used for the production of liquid biofuels. Also, from 2018 onwards, a limit has been set for the use of conventional biofuels, that use agricultural crops as feedstock. In this way the use of food and feed crops for biofuel production is discouraged. The use of conventional biofuels in the Netherlands in 2018 was at an all-time low of 1.2%. This is well below the limit of 4%. This figure also shows the category “other biofuels”. These are biofuels made from used cooking oil and animal fat. * This graph takes into account the effect of double counting feedstocks.

Average CO2-emission trend of transport fuels

Fuel suppliers need to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions of their transport fuels by 6% in 2020. This reduction target applies to the emissions in the entire fuel chain: starting at the extraction and ending at the use in engines (“well to wheel”). In 2018 a reduction of 5.8% was achieved. Like 2018, this is again a big improvement and is the spin-off of the strong increase of the annual obligation. This figure indicates the goal as a (national) average emission factor. In 2020 the average emission factor should be below 88.5 grams CO2-equivalent per mega joule. The average emission in 2019 was 88.6 grams, making it likely that fuel suppliers can meet the obligation set for 2020.

Contribution of the achieved CO2-emission reduction of transport fuels in 2019

The use of renewable energy in the transport sector contributes significantly to the reduction of CO2 emissions of transport fuels. This is the result of the significantly lower CO2 emissions of renewable energy compared to fossil fuels. In addition to the renewable energy sources, “better fossil fuels” also contribute to the reduction of the average CO2-emission of transport fuels. Better fossil fuels are: LNG, CNG and LPG. Because of their lower CO2 emissions and higher use, the overall contribution of biofuels to CO2 reduction is much larger than that of the better fossil fuels. In 2019 HVO contributes to a larger share of the achieved emission reduction compared to 2018, whilst the share of FAME has decreased. This is because of the increased share of HVO in the delivered biofuels, a development fuel suppliers seem to make to achieve the increasing annual obligation. The use of biofuels in the Netherlands in 2019 has resulted in an amount of 2.2 Mton of green house gas to be saved. * This graph does not take into account the effect of double counting feedstocks.

Top 15 countries of origin of feedstocks for biofuels

The feedstocks of the biofuels that were used in the Netherlands in 2019 originate from 88 different countries. 15 countries account for almost 85% of the total feedstock volume. This top 15 consists mainly of countries from Europe and Asia. * This graph does not take into account the effect of double counting feedstocks.


Less than 10% of the biofuels used in Dutch transport are produced from feedstocks that originate here. Nearly all the feedstock from the Netherlands is waste-based; mostly used cooking oil. Crops from the Netherlands are hardly used. The Netherlands is the 3rd largest supplier of used cooking oil for biofuels used in Dutch transport in 2019, behind China and the USA.


China is, by volume, the biggest supplier of feedstock used for biofuels in the Netherlands in 2019. This is all used cooking oil.

Other countries

In 2019, the category “other countries” consists of 73 countries, delivering almost 15% of the feedstock volume.

Renewable energy for Dutch transport

In 2019 a share of 12.7% of renewable energy was delivered to the Dutch transport sector, enough to achieve the target of 12.5%. The delivered renewable energy mainly consists of liquid biofuels which are blended with fossil diesel (76%) and petrol (20%). The remaining 4% renewable energy comprises electricity and biogas.

Translation of keywords in this figure: Grondstoffen uit afvalstromen = Waste based feedstocks: Gebruikt frituurvet = used cooking oil / Dierlijk vet = animal fat / Laagwaardige zetmeeslurrie = waste starch slurry / Afvalwater van palmoliemolen = palm oil mill effluent / Voedselafval = food waste / Tallolie = talloil / Stedelijk afval = urban waste streams / Gebruikte bleekaarde = spent bleaching earth / Overig - afval = other waste streams / Grondstoffen uit gewassen = Crop based feedstocks: Mais = corn / Tarwe = wheat / Suikerbiet = sugar beet / Gerst = barley / Suikerriet = sugar cane / Zonnebloem = sun flower / Overig – gewassen = other crops

Translation of keywords in this figure: Conventioneel = conventional / Overige = other / Geavanceerd = advanced

Translation of keywords in this figure: Gerealiseerd = achieved / Referentiewaarden = reference value