Since 2003 the European Commission (EC) has made it imperative for the EU Member States to undertake efforts to increase the share of biofuels (or other types of renewable energy) in the transport sector. The rationale behind this is to safeguard the energy supply and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
The Netherlands has transposed the targets and requirements set out in the two relevant European directives (FQD and RED) into Dutch laws and regulations governing Renewable Energy for transport and Air Pollution from Fuels. The Dutch Emissions Authority (NEa) has been the competent authority and regulator in this area since 2011.
Renewable energy in the transport sector
Operators that deliver fuels to the transport sector in the Netherlands are required to deliver an annual incremental share of renewable energy, rising to 10% in 2020. This represents the annual obligation for Renewable Energy in the transport sector (HEV annual obligation). The annual obligation relates to petrol, diesel, liquid biofuels and/or renewable liquid fuels delivered to road or rail vehicles in the Netherlands. This obligation applies to holders of a licence for an excise warehouse or registered consignees, as defined in the Excise Duty Act for mineral oils, or fuel importers.
These regulations stem from the European Renewable Energy Directive (RED).
Air pollution from fuels
Furthermore in 2020 the greenhouse gas emissions of all fuels delivered to the transport sector must be 6% lower than in 2010. Laws and regulations on Air Pollution from Fuels have been implemented for this purpose. This also applies to holders of a licence for an excise warehouse or registered consignees, as defined in the Excise Duty Act, for mineral oils, or fuel importers.
These regulations stem from the European Fuel Quality Directive (FQD).